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Children’s personal, social and emotional development (PSED) is crucial for children to lead healthy and happy lives, and is fundamental to their cognitive development and essential for children with a VI as they do not learn incidentally as children with full sight do. Underpinning their personal development are the important attachments that shape their social world. Strong, warm and supportive  relationships with adults enable children to learn how to understand their own feelings and those of others. Children should be supported to manage emotions, develop a positive sense of self, set themselves simple goals, have confidence in their own abilities, to persist and wait for what they want and direct attention as necessary. Through adult modelling and guidance, they will learn how to look after their bodies, including healthy eating, and manage personal needs independently.

Children in our EYFS are also taught self-advocacy from a young age, so they are able to convey their individual needs to others. Through supported interaction with other children, they learn how to make good friendships, co-operate and resolve conflicts peaceably. These attributes will provide a secure platform from which children can achieve at school and in later life.

Children in the Early Years Foundation Stage will be assessed using connecting steps ‘Early Steps’ and ‘Development Matters’ objectives for the personal, social and emotional aspect of learning.

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